Nov
08
Teaser:

The statistics of newly discovered z>~6 galaxies---their abundance and clustering---have allowed us to study their ensemble properties, but the difficulties inherent in detecting, resolving, and obtaining spectra of these distant, faint objects has prevented a deeper empirical exploration of their internal physics. However, in advance of observatories like GMT and TMT, multi-wavelength observations can be a useful probe of the high-redshift ISM. I will present a novel analytic model for the internal physics of z>~6 galaxies that, when combined with information from galaxy statistics, probes an enormous range of distance scales---from the tens of megaparsec regions over which...

Nov
08
Teaser:

In recent years, experiments with ultracold atoms [1,2,3,4] have investigated transport properties of one-dimensional (1D) Bose gases in optical lattices and shown that the transport in 1D is drastically suppressed even in the superfluid state compared to that in higher dimensions. Motivated by the experiments, we study superfluid transport of 1D Bose gases. In 1D, superflow at zero temperature can decay via quantum nucleation of phase slips even when the flow velocity is much smaller than the critical velocity predicted by mean-field theories. Using instanton techniques, we calculate the...

Nov
07
Teaser:

Motivated by issues related to treating certain neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease by a method called electrical deep brain stimulation, we consider applying optimal control methods to both mathematical models of neurons and in vitro neurons. Patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease experience involuntary tremors that typically affect the distal portion of their upper limbs. It has been hypothesized that these tremors are associated with simultaneous spiking of a cluster of neurons in the thalamus and basal ganglia regions of the brain. In a healthy situation, the periodic firing of neurons is not synchronized, but they can engage in a pathological synchrony...

Nov
05
Teaser:

Condensed matter physics in the 20th Century was developed mostly for crystalline solids, and we know so little about the physics of liquids and glasses.  We do not even know how to describe the structure of these amorphous matters to discuss the structure-properties relationship, even though liquids and glasses are so important to everyday life.  This is because liquids and glasses are condensed matter with high density in which atoms are strongly correlated to each other.  Any theoretical effort runs into a thick barrier of many-body interactions.  To circumvent...

Nov
01
Teaser:

Do you think Physics is only about stars and mad scientists? Come to this event and you will discover a new Physics world where fundamental physics knowledge is used “as simply as possible but not simpler” to build atom by atom the technology of future.  Come and learn how we make the smallest electronic circuits in the world, how we can build devices that power your cell phone while you walk in the streets, or how we pull single DNA molecules to understand the secrets of life.

Nov
01
Teaser:

I present a new numerical code constructed to obtain accurate simulations of encounters between a star and a massive black hole. The relativistic tidal interaction is calculated in \emph{Fermi normal coordinates} (FNC). This formalism allows the addition of an arbitrary number of terms in the tidal expansion. Although Newtonian hydrodynamics and self-gravity is assumed for the star, there are several significant terms in the expansion that should be retained. I give the relevant orbital post-Newtonian terms. The three-dimensional parallel (MPI) code includes a PPMLR hydrodynamics module to treat the gas dynamics and a Fourier transform-based method to calculate the self-gravity. Results...

Oct
29
Teaser:

Oct
25
Teaser:

A novel thermal scanning probe lithography (tSPL) method based on the local removal of organic resist materials has been developed at the IBM Research Laboratory in Zurich [1-3]. A polymeric polyphthalaldehyde resist [2-4] responds to the presence of a hot tip by local material decomposition and desorption. Thereby arbitrarily shaped patterns can be written in the organic films in the form of a topographic relief, constrained only by the shape of the tip. The combination of the fast ‘direct development’ patterning of a polymer resist and the in-situ...

Oct
24
Teaser:

Homotopy method is being used to explore nonlinear partial differential equation system arising from engineering and physics. This new approach is used to compute multiple solutions of nonlinear PDEs and yields the discretized polynomial systems, which involve thousands of variables. This method can also handle the singularities. This talk will cover the recent progress on nonlinear PDEs such as free boundary problem and hyperbolic conservation law problem.

Oct
23
Teaser:

Activation of T lymphocytes by antigen-presenting cells involves cell spreading driven by large-scale physical rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton and the cell membrane, and accompanied by the assembly of signaling molecules into dynamic microclusters. Several recent observations suggest that mechanical forces are important for efficient T cell activation. How forces arise from the dynamics of the cytoskeleton and the membrane during contact formation, and their effect on microcluster assembly and signaling activation is not well understood. We imaged the membrane topography, actin dynamics...

Oct
22
Teaser:

The history of the universe in a nutshell, from the Big Bang to now, and on to the future – John Mather will tell the story of how we got here, how the Universe began with a Big Bang, how it could have produced an Earth where sentient beings can live, and how those beings are discovering their history.  Mather was Project Scientist for NASA’s Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite, which measured the spectrum (the color) of the heat radiation from the Big Bang, discovered hot and cold spots in that radiation, and hunted for the first objects that formed after the great explosion....

Oct
18
Teaser:

Studies that involve single vortex dynamics, vortex-vortex interactions, and vortex-impurity interactions are essential in developing a deeper understanding of the nature of superfluidity and in particular, superfluid turbulence.  In highly oblate systems, vortex dynamics have a two-dimensional (2D) nature and the resulting superfluid characteristics may be substantially different from those in three-dimensional (3D) superfluids. However, there have been remarkably few experimental studies of 2D vortex dynamics in superfluids. Therefore...

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