Bose-Einstein condensation of magnons at room temperature: creation, spatio-temporal properties and possible superfluidity

Bose-Einstein condensation of magnons at room temperature: creation, spatio-temporal properties and possible superfluidity

Hard Condensed Matter Seminar

Date

March 8, 2017 -
3:00pm to 4:00pm

Location

Howey Physics Building - 837 State St., Atlanta GA 30332 - Room N110

Affiliation

University of M√ľnster

Host

Magnons are the quanta of waves of spin precession in magnetically ordered media. In thermal equilibrium, they can be considered as a gas of quasiparticles obeying the Bose-Einstein statistics with zero chemical potential and a temperature dependent density.

We will discuss the room-temperature kinetics and thermodynamics of the magnons gas in yttrium iron garnet films driven by a microwave pumping and investigated by means of the Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy.

We show that the thermalization of the driven magnon gas results in a quasi-equilibrium state described the Bose-Einstein statistics with a non-zero chemical potential, the latter being dependent on the pumping power. For high enough pumping powers Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of magnons can be experimentally achieved at room temperature. Spatio-temporal kinetics of the BEC-condensate will be discussed in detail.

Among others interference of two condensates, persistent quantized vortices, and propagating waves of the condensate density will be addressed. Finally, our recent experiments on moving condensates will be discussed.