Scientists Score Another Victory Over Uncertainty in Quantum Physics Measurements

Scientists Score Another Victory Over Uncertainty in Quantum Physics Measurements

Prof. Chapman’s research team is exploring squeezed states using atoms of Bose-Einstein condensates

 

Scientists have been squeezing the spin states of atoms for 15 years, but only for atoms that have just two relevant quantum states – known as spin ½ systems. In collections of those atoms, the spin states of the individual atoms can be added together to get a collective angular momentum that describes the entire system of atoms.

In the Bose-Einstein condensate atoms being studied by School of Physics Professor Michael Chapman’s group, the atoms have three quantum states, and their collective spin totals zero – not very helpful for describing systems. So Chapman and graduate students Chris Hamley, Corey Gerving, Thai Hoang and Eva Bookjans learned to squeeze a more complex measure that describes their system of spin 1 atoms: nematic tensor, also known as quadrupole.

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