Aug
21
Teaser:

Development of laser-based techniques to cool and manipulate trapped atoms led to a quantum revolution, with applications ranging from creation of novel phases of matter to realization of new tools for navigation and timekeeping. Because of their comparatively richer internal structure, molecules offer additional potential for quantum-controlled chemistry, quantum information processing, and precision spectroscopy. However, obtaining control over the rotational quantum state of trapped molecules, a prerequisite for most applications, has presented a significant challenge because of the large number of initial states typically...

Jul
14
Teaser:
Event Title:   Multi-messenger Astrophysics: Challenges and Opportunities in Big data and Computing
  
Summary Sentence:  a talk...
Jun
11
Teaser:

After a general introduction to the Lagrangian of QCD (Quantum Chromodynamics) and its symmetries, I will present the QCD Sum Rules approach for studying hadronic properties. This will be generalized to a finite temperature scenario, where we expect that phase transitions like deconfinement and/or chiral symmetry restorations should occur. In particular we will present our results for the rho meson spectrum, reconstructed from the dimuon spectrum in heavy ion collisions, and for charmonium resonances which could survive beyond the critical temperature. I will try to avoid technical details,...

May
27
Teaser:

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), which form over a third of human proteins, challenge the structure-function paradigm because they function without ever folding into a unique three-dimensional structure. A particularly fascinating example of IDP function is the gating mechanism of the nuclear pore complex (NPC). The NPC is a large macromolecular structure that gates nanoscale pores in the nuclear envelope and controls all nucleo-...

May
19
Teaser:

Note: This is a WEBINAR

The theory of Lagrangian Coherent Structures (LCSs) has advanced significantly over recent years, and now covers both hyperbolic and elliptic material surfaces in unsteady flow. Parabolic (i.e., jet-type) LCSs have, however, remained outside the reach of the theory, despite their significance in oceanic and atmospheric transport.

Here I discuss a new variational approach to general shearless transport barriers in two-dimensional unsteady flows, which covers both hyperbolic and parabolic LCSs. I also describe a computational implementation of this new...

Apr
30
Teaser:

Biological flows are vital for the conservation of life and indispensable commodity of living organisms. Morphological structures of living organisms and biological flow phenomena in...

Apr
24
Teaser:

Given that many diverse astrophysical systems are susceptible to relativistic hydromagnetic turbulence, it is surprising how little is presently known about how they manifest chaotic flow. Of primary interest is to establish a basic understanding of how the small-scale turbulent dynamo, whereby kinetic energy of the flow is converted into magnetic energy, operates in these systems. This process is thought to be instrumental in both stellar and galactic magnetogenesis, and may also be at work in relativistic astrophysical jets and their central engines.

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Apr
21
Teaser:

The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) states in the second Landau level have attracted growing interests and intensive theoretical and experimental investigations due to them possibly being non-Abelian states. Recently, we systematically examined the spin polarization of the FQHE states in a series of high quality, low density two dimensional electron systems. Evidence of spin transition was observed, suggesting a more complicated nature of the FQHE ground states in the second Landau level.

Apr
16
Teaser:

We utilize electroconvecting liquid crystal samples as a test bed from non-equilibrium driven systems. I will discuss results from the application of a novel mathematical analysis that incorporates time-delay embedding and diffusion maps to elucidate the underlying geometry in this system. This analysis permits the discrimination of different dynamical states from empirical data and is used to demonstrate multistability in this system. In addition we investigate the effects of an abrupt transition to defect turbulence on the structure and energy flow in this system.

Apr
15
Teaser:

We present and discuss, in the context of the drug discovery pipeline, recent computational developments that enable the virtual screening of massive databases of chemicals against a large number of protein structures. We present "ensemble docking" applications of virtual screening in multiple protein structures that identify new protein ligands and explore biochemical pathways. We also discuss fundamental and challenging aspects of these very large virtual screening approaches.

Apr
14
Teaser:

Electrons in free space have a well-defined mass. Recently, a new class of materials called topological insulators were discovered, where the low energy electrons have zero mass. In fact, these electrons can be described by the same massless Dirac equation that is used to describe relativistic particles travelling close to the speed of light. In this talk I will describe our recent experimental and theoretical investigations of Topological Crystalline Insulators (TCIs) [1]. TCIs belong to the newest category of topological materials...

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